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美国:最严重流感季,已有13名儿童死亡

新闻来源: 医疗旅游 于 2018-01-13 11:42:09  



美国遭遇最严重流感季,病毒传播性更强 !

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这个流感季美国已有13名儿童死亡


美国疾病控制与预防中心(CDC)的数据显示,美国正遭受着多年来最严重的流感季节之一,有45个州报告了广泛的疾病,是去年同期的四倍。专家警告说,儿童特别容易受到伤害。


德克萨斯儿童医院的传染病专家说:“流感非常危险,这不是让你流几天鼻涕的常规病毒。


这一季传播的流感病毒H3N2,往往比其他流感病毒更容易侵袭年轻人和老年人。


“这是一种怀病毒,”疾病预防控制中心流感部门主任丹尼尔·杰尼根博士说。“在有H3N2的年份,我们确实看到有更多的死亡。”



▲德克萨斯儿童医院八个月大的流感小患者。


根据CDC的数据,5岁以下的儿童患严重流感相关并发症的风险更高,而2岁以下的儿童更是如此。


他们的肺,他们的免疫系统还在发育,特别是年纪更小的,所以他们有更多的并发症。


美国CDC估计,自2010年以来,5岁以下的儿童,与流感相关的住院治疗从2004-2005年流感季节开始,每年有7000到26000人不等,每年有37到171名儿童死于流感。


65岁及以上的成年人也有高风险


为了减少感染或传播流感的风险,卫生官员鼓励人们每天勤洗手。——在吃零食前,饭前,便前/后。


在加州,流感相关的死亡率尤其高。官方报告说,在65岁以下的加州人中,有27人死于流感。官员们说,而在往常这个季节里,该州通常会看到三到四人死亡。


流感季!大家常犯的几点错误

告别注射,可以贴的流感疫苗


保护儿童和成人不受流感侵袭的最好方法是注射流感疫苗。根据CDC的数据,6个月以上的每个人每年都应该接种季节性流感疫苗。尽管流感季已经开始了,但还不算太晚。


目前CDC估计疫苗的有效性约为32%。虽然还不是100%,但对相当一部分人来说仍然有效。


即使你得了流感注射疫苗,病情也会更温和,你不太可能住院,而且你有传染性的时间更少。现在接种疫苗还不算太晚。


CDC还提出以下建议,让你和你的家人远离流感:


■尽量避免与病人亲密接触。

■生病时,尽量减少与他人接触。

■如果你患有流感样的疾病,在退烧后至少要在家里呆上24个小时,除非是为了得到医疗或其他必须。

■当你咳嗽或打喷嚏时,用纸巾捂住你的鼻子和嘴巴。然后把纸巾扔到垃圾桶里。

■经常用肥皂洗手。如果没有肥皂,使用含酒精的手凝胶。

■避免接触你的眼睛、鼻子和嘴巴。细菌传播这种方式。

■清洁和消毒可能被细菌,如流感感染的物体表面。


Flu season warning: Babies and children hit particularly hard this year


The U.S. is being hit with one of the worst flu seasons in years, with 45 states reporting widespread illness, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — four times as many as this time last year. Experts warn that young children are particularly vulnerable.


Shareeka Smith's 8-month-old son, Kingston, is a patient at Texans Children's Hospital, fighting the flu.


"About four days ago he started breathing hard, vomiting, having fever," she say.


"The flu is very dangerous. It's not your regular virus that gives you a couple days of runny nose," said Dr. Claire Bocchini, an infectious disease specialist at Texas Children's Hospital.


reports that the strain of flu that's spreading this season, H3N2, tends to hit younger and older people harder than others.


"This is a bad bug," said Dr. Daniel Jernigan, director of the CDC's Influenza Division. "In years when there is H3N2, we do see that there are more deaths."


Thirteen children across the U.S. have already died of the flu this season.


According to the CDC, children younger than 5 are at higher risk of developing serious flu-related complications — and babies under the age of 2, even more so.


"Their lungs, their immune systems are still developing, especially the younger ones, and so they have a lot more complications," Bocchini explained.


The CDC estimates that since 2010, flu-related hospitalizations among children younger than 5 ranged from 7,000 to 26,000 a year in the U.S. Since the 2004-2005 flu season, between 37 and 171 children have died of the flu each year.


Adults age 65 and over are also at higher risk.


To help reduce the risk of catching or spreading the flu, health officials are encouraging frequent hand-washing throughout the day.


"Before snack time, before meal times, before and after potty," Rachel Sherman, a teacher at the Jewish Council for Youth Services Early Childcare Center, told CBS Chicago.


"We were hit last month quite badly actually," she continued. "[The flu] took out a few of our classes and even teachers."


CBS Chicago reports that a 10-year-old boy in the area died of the flu on New Year's Eve after the virus attacked his heart.


"We've seen 675 cases of the flu over the last two weeks," Dr. Stephen Epner of Physicians Immediate Care told the station. At all 31 Physicians Immediate Care locations, doctors are seeing a 20 percent spike in patients.


"It seems like it's about 30 to 50 percent worse than the previous 2 to 3 years," Epner said.


Across the country, it's a similar situation. Making matters worse, there's an ongoing shortage of IV bags – produced in factories in storm-ravaged Puerto Rico – which are needed to deliver medicine and treat dehydrated patients at hospitals.


In California, flu-related deaths are particularly high. Officials have reported 27 flu-related deaths among Californians under age 65. The state typically sees three or four such deaths by this time in the season, officials said.


The single best way to protect children and adults from the flu is to get a flu shot. According to the CDC, everyone 6 months of age and older should get a seasonal flu vaccine each year. And even though the flu season is already underway, it's not too late to get the shot.


"Right now the CDC is estimating that the vaccine effectiveness is at about 32 percent. While it's not 100 percent it is still effective for a significant proportion of the population," said Dr. Jennifer Layden, chief medical officer at the Illiniois Department of Public Health.


"Even if you get the flu, with a vaccine, it's more mild, you're less likely to go to the hospital and you're contagious for a less amount of time. It's not too late to get the vaccine for this season," Layden said.


The CDC also recommends the following tips to keep you and your family safe from the flu:


Try to avoid close contact with sick people.

While sick, limit contact with others as much as possible.

If you are sick with flu-like illness, stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities.

Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.

Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Germs spread this way.

Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with germs like the flu.



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